Amadolobha anempilo: Ukuthuthukisa impilo yasemakhaya

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Amadolobha anempilo: Ukuthuthukisa impilo yasemakhaya

Amadolobha anempilo: Ukuthuthukisa impilo yasemakhaya

Umbhalo wesihlokwana
Ukunakekelwa kwezempilo kwezindawo zasemaphandleni kuthola ukulungiswa kwezobuchwepheshe, okuthembisa ikusasa lapho ibanga lingasasho ikhwalithi yokunakekelwa.
    • About the Author:
    • Igama lomlobi
      I-Quantumrun Foresight
    • Mashi 13, 2024

    Isifinyezo sokuqonda

    Ubambiswano phakathi kwe-venture capital fund kanye nenethiwekhi yokunakekelwa kwezempilo kuguqula izindawo zasemakhaya zibe amadolobha anempilo. Lokhu kubambisana kuhloswe ngakho ukunciphisa ukungafani kokunakekelwa kwezempilo ezindaweni zasemakhaya, ukuthuthukisa ulwazi lweziguli, nokuheha ithalente elisha kule miphakathi entula izinsizakusebenza. Lolu hlelo luyingxenye yokuthambekela okukhulu ekuxazululeni ukubambisana, izixazululo zokunakekelwa kwezempilo eziqhutshwa ukubaluleka, nezinzuzo ezingaba khona ezihlanganisa ukwakhiwa kwamathuba emisebenzi, ukunakekelwa okuthuthukisiwe, kanye nemithelela ebalulekile yenqubomgomo.

    Umongo wamadolobha anempilo

    Ngo-2022, isikhwama se-Bio + Health sika-Andreessen Horowitz sika-Andreessen Horowitz kanye ne-Bassett Healthcare Network bamemezele ubudlelwano obuhlose ukubhekana nezinselelo eziyingqayizivele ezibhekene nezinhlelo zezempilo zasemaphandleni ezibonakala ngokufinyelela okulinganiselwe kumathuluzi nezinsizakalo zezokwelapha ezithuthukisiwe. Kugxilwe ekusebenziseni izixazululo zezempilo zedijithali ezivela kuphothifoliyo ye-a16z ukuthuthukisa ikhwalithi yokunakekelwa kwezempilo kulawa manethiwekhi angenazo izinsiza. Umqedazwe we-COVID-19 uphinde wagqamisa ukungafani kokutholakala kokunakekelwa kwezempilo emiphakathini yasemakhaya, uqinisa isidingo sezindlela ezintsha.

    Umlando obanzi nofinyelelwayo we-Bassett Healthcare Network, ohlanganisa izibhedlela, izikhungo zezempilo, kanye nezinsizakalo zezempilo ezisekelwe ezikoleni endaweni yonke enkulu, uyibeka ngendlela eyingqayizivele ukuze uzuze kulo mfelandawonye wamasu. Lokhu kubambisana kulindeleke ukuthi kugxile ku-automation, ubuhlakani bokwenziwa komtholampilo (AI), kanye nokunakekelwa kwezempilo kwasekhaya, kuthinta amandla e-a16z ecosystem, ahlanganisa amabhizinisi kwezobuchwepheshe, ezezimali, kanye nezinsizakalo zabathengi. Ingqikithi yalokhu kubambisana ilele ekuthuthukiseni impilo yedijithali ukuthuthukisa okuhlangenwe nakho kwesiguli, ukuqinisekisa ukusimama kwezezimali, nokulungiselela ukukhula kwesikhathi eside. 

    Eminyakeni embalwa edlule ibone ukuthutheleka okukhulu kwezimali zebhizinisi eziqalweni zezempilo ezidijithali, nakuba isimo somnotho sakamuva sibangele uguquko ukusuka ekukhuleni okudinga imali kuya ebudlelwaneni obunobuhlakani. Lolu shintsho lugcizelela ukubaluleka kokubambisana nokusebenzisa kahle izinsiza lapho kubhekene nezinselelo zezimali kanye nokushintshashintsha kwezimakethe. Iziqalo zobuchwepheshe bezempilo ziya ngokuya zigxila kubambiswano okuqinisa iziphakamiso zabo zevelu, okugcizelela imbuyiselo ekutshalweni kwezimali kanye namamodeli okukhula okusimeme. 

    Umthelela ophazamisayo

    Ngamathuluzi ezempilo edijithali athuthukile, amasistimu okunakekelwa kwezempilo asezindaweni zasemakhaya angahlinzeka ngezinsizakalo ngaphambilini ezikhawulelwe ezikhungweni zasemadolobheni, njengokuqapha kwesiguli okukude kanye nokubonisana nge-telemedicine. Lolu shintsho luzonciphisa izikhathi zokuhamba nezindleko zesiguli, kwenze ukunakekelwa kwezempilo kube lula futhi kufinyeleleke kalula. Ukwengeza, ukuhlanganisa amathuluzi edijithali ezindaweni zasemakhaya kungase kuhehe ithalente elisha, ukubhekana nokushoda okungapheli kwabasebenzi bezempilo kulezi zindawo.

    Lo mkhuba ungase uholele esimweni sebhizinisi esisebenzisanayo futhi esincintisana kancane ezinkampanini zokunakekelwa kwezempilo kanye nabaqalayo. Njengoba ubambiswano olufana nalokhu luvame kakhulu, izinkampani zingase zishintshe ukugxila enzuzweni yezezimali ziye ekudaleni izixazululo zokunakekelwa kwezempilo eziqhutshwa yinani. Lo mkhuba ungase uholele ekusetshenzisweni kahle kwezinsiza, njengoba izinkampani zabelana ngobungcweti nengqalasizinda, zehlise izindleko zizonke. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukusebenzisana okunjalo kungakhuthaza ukuthuthukiswa kwamathuluzi edijithali akhethekile ahambisana nezidingo ezihlukile zezinhlelo zokunakekelwa kwezempilo zasemakhaya.

    Ngezinga elibanzi, ohulumeni bangase babone ukubaluleka kokusekela ubudlelwano obunjalo ngezinhlelo zenqubomgomo kanye noxhaso. Lokhu kusekelwa kungasheshisa ukwamukelwa kobuchwepheshe bezempilo bedijithali, okuholela ekuthuthukisweni okusabalele ekulethweni kokunakekelwa kwezempilo ezweni lonke. Ukwengeza, impumelelo yamamodeli anjalo ingase ikhuthaze ohulumeni ukuthi batshale imali eningi engqalasizinda yokunakekelwa kwezempilo yasemakhaya, ukuvala igebe phakathi kwamazinga okunakekelwa kwezempilo asemadolobheni nawasemaphandleni. 

    Imithelela yamadolobha anempilo

    Imithelela ebanzi yamadolobha anempilo ingase ihlanganise: 

    • Ukuthuthukiswa komnotho wasekhaya ezindaweni zasemakhaya ngenxa yokuvulwa kwamathuba emisebenzi emikhakheni yobuchwepheshe nokunakekelwa kwezempilo.
    • Ukushintsha kwezitayela zabantu, njengoba abantu abaningi bethuthela ezindaweni zasemakhaya ngenxa yokunakekelwa kwezempilo okuthuthukisiwe kanye nezimo zokuphila.
    • Ukwamukelwa ngokushesha kobuchwepheshe obuthuthukisiwe ekunakekelweni kwezempilo, okuholela ekunakekelweni kwesiguli komuntu siqu kanye nokusebenza kahle.
    • Izinguquko ezidingweni zemakethe yezabasebenzi, ngesidingo esikhulayo sochwepheshe bezokunakekelwa kwempilo abanamakhono kubuchwepheshe bezempilo obudijithali.
    • Ukunciphisa umthelela kwezemvelo ngamathuluzi ezempilo edijithali, kunciphisa isidingo sokuhamba ngokomzimba ukuze kuboniswane nodokotela.
    • Amabhizinisi akha amamodeli amasha ukuze ahlanganise izixazululo zezempilo zedijithali, okuholela ezinsizakalweni zokunakekelwa kwezempilo ezihlukahlukene nezivumelana nezimo.
    • Ukwenyuka kokugxila ezindleleni zokuvikela ezempilo emiphakathini yasemaphandleni, okuholela ekwehliseni isikhathi eside kwezindleko zokunakekelwa kwezempilo.
    • Ukuqoqwa kwedatha okuthuthukisiwe nokuhlaziywa ekunakekelweni kwezempilo, okuvumela ukwenza izinqumo ezinolwazi kanye nokwakhiwa kwenqubomgomo ngohulumeni.

    Imibuzo okufanele icatshangelwe

    • Ohulumeni namabhizinisi bangasebenzisana kanjani ukuze baqinisekise ukuthi intuthuko yezobuchwepheshe ekunakekelweni kwezempilo isatshalaliswa ngokulinganayo?
    • Yimiphi imithelela engaba khona yokunakekelwa kwezempilo kwasemaphandleni okuthuthukisiwe ezinhlelweni zokunakekelwa kwezempilo zasemadolobheni kanye nezinqubomgomo zezempilo zikazwelonke?